E-2 Visa Countries: A Comprehensive List of Eligible Nations

e-2 visa countries
Facundo Bermudez
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Published on 27 Oct 2023 Time to read 7 min read Last update on 2 Nov 2023

The E-2 visa program serves as a guiding light for foreign entrepreneurs eager to establish and expand their ventures on American soil. Tailored for investors from select nations, this visa category has emerged as a pivotal conduit for fostering global economic partnerships. In this comprehensive guide, we embark on a journey to demystify the intricate realm of E-2 visa eligibility, illuminating the diverse range of nations that have attained this coveted status. From economic powerhouses to burgeoning markets, the E-2 visa countries represent a spectrum of opportunities for ambitious entrepreneurs looking to make their mark on U.S. soil.

Through rigorous research and astute analysis, we will compile an invaluable table outlining the countries currently eligible for the E-2 visa, complete with the pivotal years when each treaty came into effect. Additionally, we will scrutinize the critical aspect of countries without a Treaty of Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation with the United States, offering essential insights for entrepreneurs navigating this dynamic international landscape.

Join us as we navigate through the complexities of the E-2 visa program, empowering ambitious global business leaders to make well-informed decisions and embark on their entrepreneurial journey in the United States with confidence.

Who is eligible for E2?

Eligibility for the E-2 visa is contingent upon several key criteria. Firstly, applicants must be citizens of a country that maintains a Treaty of Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation or a Bilateral Investment Treaty with the United States, thus establishing the foundation for economic collaboration. Additionally, individuals seeking an E-2 visa must be actively engaged in the development and operation of a bona fide enterprise within the United States. This entails a significant financial investment, the commitment to direct and oversee the business’s operations, and the potential to generate employment opportunities for U.S. workers.

Moreover, applicants should demonstrate their intent to maintain an ongoing and substantial investment in the U.S., solidifying their long-term commitment to the enterprise and the American economy. Overall, E-2 eligibility emphasizes a genuine dedication to fostering economic growth and collaboration within the United States.

What are the Benefits of the E-2 Visa?

The E-2 visa, designed for foreign investors, offers a host of enticing benefits:

Investment Flexibility: There is no fixed minimum investment requirement, allowing for flexibility based on the nature and scale of the business.

Live and Work in the U.S.: E-2 visa holders, along with their immediate family members, are permitted to live and work in the United States while actively managing their investment.

Family Inclusion: Spouses and unmarried children under 21 years of age are eligible for E-2 dependent visas, granting them the ability to study and work in the U.S.

Renewable Indefinitely: E-2 visas can be renewed for an indefinite period, providing long-term stability and the opportunity to grow and expand the business over time.

Swift Application Processing: E-2 visa applications are typically processed relatively quickly, allowing for a faster start to entrepreneurial endeavors.

International Mobility: E-2 visa holders have the freedom to travel in and out of the U.S., facilitating seamless international business operations.

How much does an E-2 Visa Cost?

Generally, applicants can expect to incur expenses related to filing fees, legal representation, and potential costs associated with establishing and operating the business itself. It is crucial to note that while there is no strict minimum investment requirement mandated by U.S. immigration authorities, we strongly recommend considering a minimum investment of $100,000 or more. 

This amount demonstrates a substantial commitment to the venture and enhances the likelihood of meeting the visa’s eligibility criteria. Additionally, a higher investment can bolster the long-term viability and success of the business in the competitive U.S. market. 

How We Can Assist You

At Visa Franchise, we take immense pride in our unparalleled proficiency in facilitating business ventures that pave the way to legal U.S. residency. What distinguishes us is our steadfast commitment to prioritizing our clients’ needs. Our expertise not only encompasses assisting international entrepreneurs in finding the ideal American franchise, but also in transforming their ambitions into tangible realities.

We understand that relocating to a foreign country, particularly when English may not be one’s native language, can be an intimidating prospect. This is precisely why we go to great lengths to ensure a seamless and gratifying journey for our clients. For those eager to invest in a franchise and secure a U.S. investment visa to pursue their entrepreneurial aspirations, we warmly invite you to take that pivotal first step with Visa Franchise. Reach out to us today, and let’s embark on this transformative venture together. Your American business endeavor and the path to legal residency eagerly await! Simply complete this form to initiate the process.

Non-Treaty countries list

Which countries do not have an E-2 visa Treaty with the USA?

Countries without an E-2 visa treaty with the USA may be absent from the list due to a variety of reasons. One significant factor is that the establishment of such treaties requires a mutual agreement between the United States and the respective country. This entails negotiations and a willingness on both sides to engage in a formal economic partnership that facilitates investment and trade.


Non-Treaty Countries List Examples​

China, Hong Kong
United Arab Emirates
Saudi Arabia
San Marino
South Africa
Vatican City
Faroe Islands
Isle of Man
El Salvador

Which countries have an E-2 visa treaty with the USA?

e-2 visa countries

E-2 visa Countries List:

Country Treaty Date
Albania January 4, 1998
Argentina December 20, 1854
Armenia March 29, 1996
Australia December 27, 1991
Austria May 27, 1931
Azerbaijan August 2, 2001
Bahrain May 30, 2001
Bangladesh July 25, 1989
Belgium October 3, 1963
Bolivia June 6, 2001
Bosnia and Herzegovina November 15, 1982
Bulgaria June 2, 1954
Cameroon April 6, 1989
Canada January 1, 1994
Chile January 1, 2004
China (Taiwan) November 30, 1948
Colombia June 10, 1948
Congo (Brazzaville) August 13, 1994
Congo (Kinshasa) July 28, 1989
Costa Rica May 26, 1852
Croatia November 15, 1982
Czech Republic January 1, 1993
Denmark December 10, 2008
Ecuador May 11, 1997
Egypt June 27, 1992
Estonia February 16, 1997
Ethiopia October 8, 1953
Finland December 1, 1992
France December 21, 1960
Georgia August 17, 1997
Germany July 14, 1956
Grenada March 3, 1989
Honduras July 19, 1928
Ireland November 18, 1992
Israel May 1, 2019
Italy July 26, 1949
Jamaica March 7, 1997
Japan October 30, 1953
Jordan December 17, 2001
Kazakhstan January 12, 1994
Korea (South) November 7, 1957
Kosovo November 15, 1882
Kyrgyzstan January 12, 1994
Latvia December 26, 1996
Liberia November 21, 1939
Lithuania November 22, 2001
Luxembourg March 28, 1963
Macedonia November 15, 1982
Mexico January 1, 1994
Moldova November 25, 1994
Mongolia January 1, 1997
Montenegro November 15, 1882
Morocco May 29, 1991
Netherlands December 5, 1957
New Zealand June 10, 2019
Norway January 18, 1928
Oman June 11, 1960
Pakistan February 12, 1961
Panama May 30, 1991
Paraguay March 07, 1860
Philippines September 6, 1955
Poland August 6, 1994
Portugal December 15, 2022
Romania January 15, 1994
Senegal October 25, 1990
Serbia November 15, 1882
Singapore January 1, 2004
Slovak Republic January 1, 1993
Slovenia November 15, 1982
Spain April 14, 1903
Sri Lanka May 1, 1993
Suriname February 10, 1963
Sweden February 20, 1992
Switzerland November 08, 1855
Thailand June 8, 1968
Togo February 5, 1967
Trinidad & Tobago December 26, 1996
Tunisia February 7, 1993
Turkey May 18, 1990
Ukraine November 16, 1996
United Kingdom July 03, 1815
Yugoslavia November 15, 1882


In conclusion, the E-2 visa program serves as a guiding light for foreign entrepreneurs eager to establish and expand their ventures in the United States. This comprehensive guide has illuminated the diverse range of nations that have achieved eligibility for this coveted visa category. From established economic powerhouses to promising emerging markets, the E-2 visa countries present a wide array of opportunities for ambitious entrepreneurs looking to make their mark on U.S. soil.

Eligibility for the E-2 visa hinges on several key criteria, including citizenship from a country with a Treaty of Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation or a Bilateral Investment Treaty with the United States. At Visa Franchise, we are dedicated to assisting international entrepreneurs in realizing their dreams of legal U.S. residency through successful business ventures. Your American business endeavor and the path to legal residency await.

Take our free U.S. opportunity assessment today

Mentioned visas

EB2-NIW (green card)

An employment-based visa intended for those who either have an advanced degrees or exceptional ability

Get NIW information

E2 Visa

An employment-based visa intended for those who either have an advanced degrees or exceptional ability

Access E-2 visa details