Una franquicia es un método de distribución de productos o servicios. Cada sistema de franquicias típicamente incluye un franquiciador, quien presta la marca y el sistema de negocio; y el franquiciado, quien paga una tarifa y, a menudo una cuota inicial de franquicia por el derecho a hacer negocios bajo el nombre y el sistema del franquiciador.
Las franquicias extranjeras pueden tener éxito en EE.UU., pero en general suelen ser necesarios varios ajustes en su modelo de negocio. Es preferible siempre trabajar con franquicias extranjeras que operen ya en EE.UU. exitosamente.
Se espera que la industria de las franquicias continúe experimentando un rápido crecimiento en los próximos años, especialmente en el sector de servicios. Algunos ejemplos:
Hay muchas oportunidades en los sub-segmentos específicos de industrias como restaurantes de servicio rápido también. Crecimiento de la industria es un elemento clave para comprender antes de invertir en una franquicia.
Sin embargo, es importante también analizar la trayectoria de una empresa de franquicia individual. Consulte con Visa Franchise para obtener más información.
Entre los puntos que la Asociación Internacional de Franquicias ( IFA ) recomienda para la investigación de franquicia se encuentran:
Requisitos de inversión varían dependiendo en gran medida de la franquicia, la ubicación y la industria. Los gastos de establecimiento pueden ir desde $ 20.000 a más de $ 1.000.000, dependiendo de la franquicia seleccionada.
For 99% of franchises, the franchise fee, ad-fund, and royalties are non-negotiable. Even for investments in multiple units there are usually prearranged discounts on the franchise fee. Other minor terms might be negotiated with the help of a qualified franchise attorney.
Visa Franchise has spent years analyzing and reviewing countless franchises on behalf of our clients. This has enabled us to find the best opportunities that are available to foreign nationals and have territory availability throughout the United States. We have reviewed over 1,500 businesses and only about 100 have passed our stringent criteria to be offered to clients.
There are other franchise consultant sites, which publish the 500-600 franchises that they work with. Regularly, we review their portfolio and might only overlap on 5-7 franchises from their entire 500+ franchise list. There are many franchises but they are not all created equal. Visa Franchise specializes in advising E-2 applicants on the best franchises and businesses to invest in for their visa.
Starting your own business in the United States is possible, but very difficult. There are numerous obstacles immigrant entrepreneurs face when starting their own business. More information can be found here.
Visa Franchise does research and analysis of franchise investments on a continuous bases. So far we have analyzed more than 1,500 franchises, yet we are only working with roughly 100 that we are comfortable presenting to clients. The criteria we use with the support of the franchisors decreases risk for our clients.
The cost associated with franchising enables the franchisee to receive all the support and benefits of the franchise. These benefits include: site selections, development support, training, marketing, and ongoing operational support. Additionally, the cost allows the franchisee the right to use a brand with a well-established business model and name.
We do have relations with a number of global franchise brands. However, the bigger and more established brands typically require a minimum development of three or more units, which raises the investment value to well over $1,000,000. Also, brands like Dunkin’ Donuts do not accept investors that do not already have a green card or citizenship. As for Starbucks, it is not a franchisor within the United States.
That’s a great question that we receive all the time. That answer depends on a variety of factors; e.g., location, industry, how many hours you are willing to work, and if your spouse works with you. The variability of factors is too high for us to give a concrete answer. We generally don’t recommend franchises that would have net profits of less than $5,000 for an owner operator.
The ad-fund is a fee on franchisees that adds to a company advertising fund. This fee is a payment on the advertising and marketing that the corporate company provides to all of the franchises.
Royalties are a percentage or fixed payments paid to the corporate company on a regular basis. This fee is the ongoing payment for the right to use a company’s brand name.
The FDD, Franchise Disclosure Document, is the legal document given to potential franchise buyers in order to promise their disclosure of private corporate information.
For other franchise terms like these see our Glossary Terms article.
As per our process, it could take about a month or more to decide on a franchise to invest in once we have completed our search and analysis.
It is advised to start small if this is your first investment in a real business (non-financial market investment) in the U.S. After operating the first unit, you can always open up more franchises in the same brand. That being said, there are many U.S. franchises that require a commitment of at least 3 franchises over a certain time frame (generally 2-3 years).
Unfortunately, roughly 30% of franchises do not accept franchisees who are not already Americans or green card holders. Typically, the franchises with these restrictions are the more established and well-known companies, such as Subway, Dunkin’ Donuts, and Baskin-Robbins. However, Visa Franchise specializes in working with franchises that are more than willing to accept franchisees that are foreign nationals pursuing an investor visa. Visa Franchise has completed research and analysis on over 1,500 franchises on behalf of our clients.
The franchisor will support you with training and depending on the franchise, they help with recruiting employees as well.
Some franchises are much more stringent than other franchises, and will vet your previous work experience, net worth, liquid cash, as well as other criteria. In general, the franchises want someone who is entrepreneurial and willing to «roll up their sleeves» to get the job done!
At Visa Franchise, we have advised clients who are opening up multiple franchises given their experience in the U.S. or their past jobs in management that surmount to well over $1 million.
Visa Franchise works with many franchises within a diverse range of industries. We are always adding franchises in new industries to our portfolio based off our research and analysis work we do for our clients.
Some of these industries include:
Visa Franchise works with franchises with territory availability throughout the U.S. Many of our clients choose to reside in Florida, Texas, and California but we’ve worked with clients throughout the U.S. and regularly travel on-site.
Many franchisors do require that the franchisee speaks professional-level English. We have some clients who will have another partner as a franchisee who will facilitate the English requirement. Also, Visa Franchise has franchisors who speak many different languages, including: English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Turkish, Chinese, and many other languages.
If you have any questions regarding these terms or franchising in general, please feel free to call (+1-888-550-7556) or email us (firstname.lastname@example.org) at Visa Franchise anytime!
There are no set minimums for either visa category but we recommend a total investment of at least $150,000 for the E-2 and L-1 visa.
E-2 Treaty Investor Visa: Allows a national of a “treaty country” – a country with which the U.S. maintains a treaty of commerce and navigation – to be admitted to the United States when investing a substantial amount of capital in a U.S. business;
The U.S. E-2 business must be majority owned by nationals of the treaty country
Examples of treaty countries: Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Spain & United Kingdom (complete list: http://travel.state.gov/content/visas/en/fees/treaty.html);
Although Brazil and Venezuela, are not treaty countries, many investors qualify for the E-2 visa through dual-nationality with countries like Italy, Spain and Grenada;
Other non E-2 countries like China and Vietnam first go through Citizenship by Investment with E-2 countries like Grenada and Turkey.
The investment must be substantial in relation to the type and size of the business often times a minimum of $150,000;
The E-2 business must be an enterprise with sufficient profits to support the investor’s family.
• May be extended indefinitely
• Short processing time often less than one month
• Minors under 21 can attend school and spouse can obtain work authorization
Visa Franchise works with firms who have helped thousands of people obtain dual nationality with an E-2 country either through Citizenship by Investment or with their European citizenship. Contact us if you are interested in exploring this option.
The overview of investor visas can be found here. BUT note this is just an overview. It is always advised to seek immigration advice ONLY from licensed immigration attorneys.
A green card is a permanent residence card in the US that can be obtained through employment, investment, or family. Depending on how you obtain the green card, you may be eligible to apply for US citizenship in 5 years or before.
An investment that is “at risk” is one that does not have any guarantees that you will receive a return of your investment. The reason that the investment must be at risk is to ensure a larger commitment from the investor to create jobs and stimulate revenue.
Among other visas, the EB-5 and EB-1C visas have a direct paths to U.S. citizenship.
Although the E-2 visa may have indirect paths into obtaining a green card for those interested (see Forbes article), it does not have a direct path to obtaining the green card nor US citizenship.
This largely depends on the visa class that you apply for. Keep in mind that after 10 years, 90% of franchises are still in operation. For the E-2 investor visa, your visa is no longer valid if you close your business (voluntarily or involuntarily).
Most of the investor visas require you to direct and develop the business so it’s important to seek the guidance of an immigration lawyer to best understand this requirement. We do work with franchises where you can hire a general manager in which the role of the franchise investor will vary. Additionally, many franchises can be run semi-absentee after being established for a year or so. Frequently, our clients plan to open multiple units and take on more of an executive role.
Visa Franchise also offers joint venture opportunities starting around $250,000 that will support the investor more in the day to day operations. To learn more, contact Visa Franchise at email@example.com
This largely depends on the visa that you hold and the corporate structure that you establish with your attorney. At times, you can sell one investment you might have done and reinvest into another franchise opportunity and keep your visa.
The E-2 visa category does not stipulate a job creation amount; however, most immigration attorneys recommend at least 2 jobs to be created.
It is possible to obtain an E-2 visa through creating your own business in the United States, though it adds much more risk. We would recommend obtaining an E-2 visa through investing in a franchise because you gain support from your franchisor, use an established business model, and have economies of scale.
Visa Franchise is not licensed to provide any legal or accounting advice, however we do have a network of accountants and tax attorneys who can provide support to our clients.
*This information is meant as a reference and it is always advised to consult with an immigration attorney